Over the past and far beyond: why does the past haunt us?

Haunting past, good and bad memories, good and bad experiences stay somehow vivid. Regrets, remorse, resentment, nostalgia are emotions whose accuracy is questionable. The 20th century French philosopher Henri Bergson defines consciousness as memory. Erase memory, than consciousness is no longer there. Consciousness plays the role of a bridge between past, present and future making them seem as a continuous story. Therefore, historicity is the human consciousness trademark.

However, what is the past more than an amalgam of stories and ideas?

It is nothing. It doesn’t exist. It has “passed”. Although its presence is powerful because it shaped our identity. Sometimes it gets heavy, paralyzing.

So is hanging to the past a sign of a sick or a healthy mind? Can amnesia be a remedy?

The answer is neither nor. It is more about controlling ideas and thoughts fuelled by memories then erasing memories. If time in itself and past events can’t be controlled, one can control, to a certain extend, their inside world.

Oftentimes, one doesn’t want to control their inside world. With control comes freedom and responsibility.

Henri Bergson: the theory of the inner relativity

2-time-travel-steve-hester
painting by Steve Hester 

Henri Bergson was a French philosopher (1859-1941) and one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. His philosophy revolves around motion, change and evolution.

His work in Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness showed the fundamental difference between time as perceived by consciousness (la durée or duration) and the objective mathematical time read on a watch. Consciousness doesn’t perceive the instant or the objective present, for it is infinitesimal. It perceives a duration which can be very long or very short.

For example, if I am working unwillingly for one hour on my blog, time doesn’t fly. On the contrary, if I love what I am doing on my blog, I will not feel the time passing by. Although, the time, in both cases,  is one hour and the same according to the watch, I live it, thus perceive it,  differently.

Bergson analyzed the awareness that man has of his inner self to show that psychological facts are qualitatively different from any other, charging psychologists in particular with falsifying the facts by trying to quantify and number them.

Based on this analysis of the subjective time versus the objective time, he somehow criticized Albert Einstein for keeping the theory of relativity external to the human mind without taking into consideration one’s inner perception of the time, which is also relative.

Consciousness is memory and therefore a link between past and future through its duration. This empirical complexity is what makes human free beings, forever preserving the past and anticipating the future.