Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment is another classic of nineteenth century Russian literature. Written in a time of intellectual, socio-political, and moral upheaval in the Russian Empire, Dostoevsky’s work must be understood in the context of the debates of Russian nihilism and egoism. Russian nihilism and egoism are not about the absence of values and […]Literary Summary: Crime and Punishment
We should not underestimate the writers’ role in society. From the beginning of time, knowledge was shared from generation to generation thanks to storytellers who used their artistry to pass on information, knowledge, and wisdom to their community. Writers start writing in solitude but once the work is done writers wish for their words to […]Do Not Underestimate the Writers’ Role in Society.
In continuation of the previous post the-power-of-stories-1, story telling changed completely with the invention of the printing machine in 1450. A story was not recited orally and collectively, but it became an individual solitary activity. How did this shift in stories status affect us?
As aforementioned, a story became written in a book for a solitary individual activity. At its start, reading was the rich and educated pleasure. So, the story lost its collective social and sociable aspect and turned into, not only a solitary activity, but a social class matter.
As we all know it today, reading has many benefits on the brain and on human faculties despite the social segregation it brought for a very long time. Progressively, people became individualistic in a way and more of thinkers. Reading is a slow activity that developed critical thinking, discussions and debates which didn’t exist massively in ancient times. All types of books began to emerge with all types of topics. Books helped science, knowledge, art, philosophy and much more to evolve. This meant, more reasoning, more curiosity and depth, more emancipation.
In other words, political revolutions wouldn’t have taken place, hadn’t the book been invented.
Contrary to common beliefs that technology and machines being the ultimate impact on populations, stories make the world go ’round and round. Mythologies, religions, legends still have the same power on us like they did centuries ago. That being said, what is their source of power? And how did they evolve?
In ancient times, myths and legends were of oral traditions. A story teller, with highly distinctive talents, would tell a story in front of a crowd. Stories were then a collective activity. The force of a story could be found in both the orality and the collective activity.
When a story is told orally by a story teller, it enhances human faculties such as awareness, imagination, concentration, listening; and for the smarter ones, critical thinking. However, since the mass was not educated, these stories became their system of beliefs which Karl Gustav Jung referred to as the Collective Unconsciousness. In addition to all the above, the fact that story telling was a collective activity, it encouraged sociability and interaction between people.
How had things changed with the invention of the printing machine?
Originally posted on A Life of Virtue: Philosophy as a Way of Life: Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men – machine men with machine minds and machine hearts The Great Dictator, Charlie Chaplin The prophecies of George Orwell have been realized Cameras, gadgets and sensors colonize every part of our bodies The Machine slowly…The Machine : A Sign of the Times
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Kahlil Gibran was a Lebanese-American writer, poet, and visual artist. Gibran is the third best-selling poet of all time, behind Shakespeare and Lao Tzu. Gibran is one of the most celebrated literary hero. His best-known work is The Prophet, a book composed of 26 poetic essays. It is it one of the bestselling books in […]Beautiful Quotes By Kahlil Gibran
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright and actor. He is widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. His plays remain highly popular and are […]10 Most influential Quotes By William Shakespeare
Written by Lay Sion Ng @ Issues Under Tissues Chinese Malaysian, American Literature at Osaka University, Japan. Traditional Female Roles in Literature: An Introduction In the earliest works of literature, the basic roles of females are frequently determined through their relation to men. The submissive ones were rewarded while the rebellious ones were […]From Mothers To Witches | Exploring Traditional Female Roles In Literature