Il est communément admis que la conscience (Cs) est ce qui définit l’homme et ce qui serait une garantie de son autonomie. Cependant, l’on se demande parfois pourquoi on n’est pas libre, pourquoi on a des addictions, pourquoi on n’arrive pas à dépasser certains traumatismes etc. Ces questions ne remettent-elles pas en question la corrélation de la Cs et de l’autonomie du sujet?
Ci-contre, un plan de dissertation dont la question est: La Cs garantit-elle l’autonomie du sujet?
Philosophy is such a vast major that no one can call themselves masters. It is so intelligent and so deep, it can become easily overwhelming. Faint at heart (yes heart and not mind) must step away.
Here is a breakdown of the emotional and the intellectual difficulties during the first three years of the major or the equivalent of the BA.
The first year is, as aforementioned, overwhelming; solely passionate curious students appreciate it
The second year can be heavy. Usually, people start to think differently, taking philosophy inward and go through critical thinking of themselves. It can be an identity crisis.
The third year (the equivalent of the B.A in some educational programs) is decisive. Some people shift majors after the B.A while others enrol in masters and PhD.
Majoring in philosophy is a great endeavour even for those who decide to shift majors. Because of its deep thinking and its intellectual gymnastic, a major in philosophy makes other majors very easy. However, it needs patience, resilience and curiosity.
The debate about climate change and global warming has been around almost forever without any tangible worldwide change in the political behaviour or mindset. Clearly it is the endless conflict of politics versus life and this is how dangerous greedy politics has become. So, is the climate “convention” a democratic challenge?
It is unfortunately obvious that a leader who seeks popularity can’t work for the climate. Fighting for environment is fighting against economy, freedom, industries, consumerism, politics and the list is long. Some questions are to be asked for all climate enthusiasts: shall we give up using cars, trains and planes? The thought of it after 2020 the quarantine year can be a splash of icy water. At this point, happy few are up for this challenge of giving up cars, planes and trains but this is no big help. Consequentially, what should be done?
Two main acts, if done seriously, can make a difference. The first one is to have a new industrial policy for producing long term products just like big industrial companies made names to themselves in the last century for producing items that lasted for decades. The second act is educate people again to be sensitive to nature, to be awed by nature’s aesthetics so they will become its defenders. To learn it again requires reconnection with natural elements.
These two acts, especially the first one, are a democratic challenge for the decade to come.
At least for the last century, educational systems around the world followed (and still do) a logical structuralist approach in their teaching methods, with little differences from one country to another. However, with the internet and streaming era, I wonder how long the current educational systems in the world would last.
Let’s dig slightly into these two fields.
Structuralism, in it general definition, is the methodology that implies elements of human culture to be understood by way of their relation to a broader, overarching system of structure. It works to undercover the structures that underlie all the things that humans do, think, perceive and feel. The impact of this system of education was and still powerful because it is the direct representative of the the political and economical “overarching system of structure”. In other words, a child is sent to school to become a citizen, a worker and a consumerist. With an efficient logic in its core, the current educational system turned the world population today into indebted clients bingeing on sugar with and increase rate of unemployment; worse as Hannah Arendt said once “a society of workers without work”.
On the other hand, internet is an algorithmic web. An algorithm is a detailed series of instructions for carrying out an operation or sovlving a problem. In a non-technical approach, we use algorithms in everyday tasks. As you can see, since it is non-technical, algorithmic process is different from efficient technical logical one.
Many questions are asked or should be asked: will we write the same way? Do we teach the same disciplines? Don’t we need to change our thinking schemes?