Now imagine a cave with 3 prisoners, watching carefully moving shadows on the wall, shadows considered by them as realit.
Simple as it is, Plato’s idea of knowledge based on perception results in opinions (from greek doxa) a subjective and relative point of view, the opposite of the objective thinking that is philosophy. Plato’s fear of opinion is manipulation: one can only be manipulated with subjectivity, beliefs and passions, hence dogmatism and fanatism. In an attempt to summarise the cave’s state, it is best described as a doxocracy or the government of opinions.
Now imagine that one of these manipulated prisoners takes the lead, he will be a manipulator, which means an incompetent, for his mind was fed by lies and shadows considered as truth. That’s why Plato’s idea of democracy is the government of incompetents!
In the contemporary world, we are all in a cave, staring at a wall of an uncountable amount of images and opinions: the screen. Our exposure to mass media turned us, from citizens to customers, in a frenetic consumerist behaviour. Not to forget the role of marketing and advertising creating beautiful appealing images and appearances for mass consumerism. So we end up all looking similar, wearing the same clothes , following the same trends, making us clones, so much that sovietism couldn’t even achieve!
Amidst this Plato’s mega game of images exposure and manipulation, we have become stupid, confusing superficial with substantial. Meaning, we confuse confidence (or a good image) with competence. So we understand confidence as competence, which are 2 different things. Therefore, the more confident looking a person is, the more competent he or she is perceived. That’s why, we vote for the confident one, we hire the confident one and the result is, as in Plato’s cave, manipulated prisoners believing a manipulator’s shadows projection on the wall.
Meanwhile, the smart is thought of as non competent so let’s cheer for the stupid confident. It is no surprise that fools took over the world and that our world is obscurantist!